Makiivka (, translit. Makiyivka; , translit. Makeyevka; former names: Dmytriivsk, Dmytriyevskyi) is an industrial city in eastern Ukraine within the Donetsk Oblast, from Donetsk. As of 2001, the city's population is 389,589 inhabitants, of these 178,475 (46 %) are men and 211,114 (54 %) are women. It is an important steel industry and coal mining centre of the country. Makiivka is a leading metallurgical and coal-mining center and has machinery and coking plants. Donetsk and Makiivka are so close together that it is hard to tell when one city ends, and the other begins.
- Hirnytskyi () — 107,835 inhabitants
- Kirovskyi () — 52,768 inhabitants
- Radianskyi ( — 53,007 inhabitants
- Tsentralno-Miskyi () — 94,93 inhabitants
- Chervonohvardiyskyi () — 81,042 inhabitants
The city municipality of Makiivka includes also the following urban-type settlements (Ukrainian spellings are followed by Russian ones in parenthesis): The mayor of the city is Oleksandr Maltsev () who was born in 1956 in Makiivka.
HistoryFor a long time Makiivka was thought to have been established in 1777, but recent research shows that it has been mentioned in historical records since approx. 1696. The city was established by the Cossack Makiy, and was named for him. The first mine was opened in 1875. In 1899 metallurgical settlement was founded nearby called Dmytriivsk.
Makiivka was only a small village when it was combined with nearby Dmytriivsk. Dmytriivsk subsequently developed as one of the largest coal-mining and industrial centers of the Donets Basin coalfield. In 1931, Dmytriivsk-Makiyivka was renamed Makiivka.
Jews in Makiivka
In 1939, the Jewish population of Makiivka was 8,000. In the German Operational Situation Report (USSR No. 177) of Nazi Chief of the Security Police dated from March 6, 1942 it is stated that as a result of the measures carried out by Einsatzkommando 6, both the Horlivka and Makiivka districts had been made "free of Jews". Nazis executed a total of 493 people here, among them 80 political agitators, 44 saboteurs and looters, and 369 Jews.
In September 2006, the first synagogue has been consecrated in Makiivka after almost 70 years. The house at 51 Lva Tolstogo street serves not only a synagogue but also a community center for a Jewish community of Makiiivka containing 2.000 members. The main rabbi of Makiivka is Eliyahu Kremer. Makiivka Jewish community chairman is Alexander-Mikhoel Katz.
Economy and transport
There are many coal mines in and around the city. Makiivka's modern industries include one of the largest integrated iron and steel works in Ukraine. There are also other metalworking and coke-chemical plants and factories for pneumatic machinery, shoemaking, and food processing. The city is rather dispersed, with numerous residential communities surrounding individual industrial plants over an extensive area. It is gradually extending to form a single metropolitan area with the nearby city of Donetsk, which lies just a few miles to the southwest. Makiivka has a large research institute in mining safety.
The largest enterprises in Makiivka are: State enterprise "Makeyevugol" - open joint-stock company "Makeyevsky Mtallurgical Works" - open joint-stock company, "Yasinovsky Coke-chemical Plant", and the limited company "Makeyevcoke".
There are also many machine-building enterprises within the city, with the most significant being: open joint-stock company "Granit", open joint-stock company "Stroymash", and the closed joint-stock company "Makeyevsky Mine's Automatic Machinery plant".
Makiivka metallurgical plant
The Makiivka metallurgical plant produced 1.029 million tons of steel and 825,000 tons of pig iron in 2005. It increased production of rolled steel 1.56-fold to over 700,000 tons in the January-July period of 2006, compared with the corresponding period of last year. It aims to increase its sales revenues to 1.265 billion hryvnia in 2006. The Nucor company (United States) intends to sign a contract with the Makiivka metallurgical plant on delivery of pig iron to the company's enterprises in the United States.
TransportMakiivka is crossed by severla railway lines: one is the Yasynuvata-Krychna line (), and the other is the Mospyno-Makiivka freight line (). The city also contains a tram line (since 1925) and a trolleybus system (from 1969). The city has a rail-way junction Khanzhonkovo (situated in the settlement where Aleksandr Khanzhonkov was born), and minor railway stations: Makiivka, Krynichna, Monakhovo as well as a number of railway bays.
ReligionOn the territory of Makiivka there are 22 women's cathedrals, 73 religious organizations, and a women's monastery.
The city's inhabitants follow different religions, including: Ukrainian Orthodox Church - Moscow Patriarchate — 23 commuities; Ukrainian Orthodox Church - Kiev Patriarchate — 3 communities; Armenian Apostolic Church — 1 community; Roman-Catholic Church — 1 community; Islam — 2 communities; Jewish — 1 community; Krishna — 1 community; Protestant confessions — 41 communities.
Today, Makiivka has a total of 5 sport stadiums, 4 swimming pools, 90 sport gyms, 15 football fields, 5 children's sport schools, and 36 fitness rooms. There is also a sport school for physically disabled people.
Within the city, 35 different forms of sport are played, and there are a total of 35 sport organizations. There are also many campuses of the oblast's sport schools in Makiivja, including schools for: kickboxing, volleyball, heavy athletics, boxing, some other forms of wreastling, and judo.
- Aleksandr Khanzhonkov (1877 - 1945) - pioneer of Russian cinematograph was a native of the city;
- Petro Riabtsev (1915-1941) — Soviet biplane fighter ace, born in the city;
- Volodymyr Zakharov (1901-1956) — Ukrainian composer, manager of Piatnytskyi National Choir, musical editor of all-Soviet radio, born here;
- Mykola Kapusta (1938-) — Ukrainian journalist and artist-designer who won 70 prizes on the international cartoon contests, born here.
- Olga Savchuk - (1987-) Ukrainian tennis player
makeyevka in Czech: Makijivka
makeyevka in German: Makijiwka
makeyevka in Estonian: Makiivka
makeyevka in French: Makiivka
makeyevka in Korean: 마키이우카
makeyevka in Latvian: Makijivka
makeyevka in Dutch: Makijivka
makeyevka in Polish: Makiejewka
makeyevka in Romanian: Makiivka
makeyevka in Russian: Макеевка
makeyevka in Finnish: Makijivka
makeyevka in Swedish: Makijivka
makeyevka in Ukrainian: Макіївка
makeyevka in Chinese: 马课页夫喀